The meaning of the same sentence changes completely, depending on where the speaker places the emphasis:) ? According to Rosten, there are other linguistic devices in English, derived from Yiddish syntax, which subtly "convey nuances of affection, compassion, displeasure, emphasis, disbelief, skepticism, ridicule, sarcasm, and scorn." Mordant syntax: "Smart, he isn't." Sarcasm through innocuous diction: "He only tried to shoot himself." Scorn through reversed word order: "Already you're discouraged?" Contempt through affirmation: "My partner, he wants to be." Fearful curses sanctioned by nominal cancellation: "May all your teeth fall out except one, so that you can have a toothache, God forbid." Derisive dismissal disguised an innocent interrogation: "I should pay him for such devoted service? Help keep Yiddish alive by learning new words and making them a part of your everyday conversation.On one hand, it referred to the New Land which robbed early immigrants of their culture, their language, sometimes their families and their fortunes. I recently read that New York area firefighters are training at The Concord by purposely setting rooms ablaze! ) So a "chai-nik" is the thing into which the tea is put.But the expression was also used as an an interjection, expressing admiration for the wonders, joys, possibilities of America. "Nik" is a suffix which turns the root word into a new word generally meaning "one who does [the root word]" This ending is used often to create Yinglish words such as " was defined as a "teacup" (a small piece of china).People without manners would bang a spoon around in the teacup while they were stirring and then clatter it down on the saucer when done, creating a lot of annoying, unnecessary, rude noise, apparently much like my sisters and I made a lot of rude, unnecessary, and annoying noise on occasion.
Thus, it incorporates words from Hebrew, Russian, Polish and other Slavic languages, Romance languages, and later, English.Words such as shlep, shmata, nosh are regularly used in film, on TV and in books and magazines, without translation. Inflection, too, is an important aspect to Yiddish.The addition of a rhyme beginning with "shm" to denote something of little consequence ("Hospital, shmospital... This from Leo Rosten's wonderful book "The Joys of Yiddish": (The questioner as asking whether he/she should attend a concert being given by a niece.This list is by no means complete, but it's enough to get you started sounding like a Member of the Tribe.Notes: "ch" is pronounced like the "ch" in the Scottish "loch," as if you're cleaning a phlegm from your throat, unless otherwise specified..